Extreme Sports Performance | Head Injury
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Head Injury

Thoughts of the week

“Head Injury”

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Many of our action sports athletes have sustained a head injury at some point. The nature of what they do make this inevitable to occur over time. They can be a prepared as possible and even have on all the protective equipment necessary but bangs / blows to the head can still have profound effect on welfare, normal daily activities and returning to sport!

  • Types of head injury
    • Concussion
      • May cause instant loss of awareness or alertness for minutes to hours after it has occurred
    • Skull fracture
      • A break in the bone that could be linear, depressed, diastatic or basilar
    • Intracranial hematoma (ICH)
      • Bleeding or clotting in or around the brain that could be epidural, subdural, contusion / intracerebral or diffuse axonal injury (DIA).
  • Causes 
    • Accidents / collisions or falls are most common. In cases of a direct head blow or violent shaking the brain is usually bruised and the internal tissues / blood vessels can become damaged. The brain gets jolted backwards and hit the opposite sides of the skull causing tearing of the internal lining causing bruising, bleeding or swelling. 
  • Symptoms
    • Vary with severity. In mild cases the following are displayed:
      • Raised, swollen area 
      • Superficial cut in the scalp
      • Headache
      • Sensitivity to light and noise
      • Irritability
      • Confusion
      • Dizziness
      • Balance deterioration
      • Nausea
      • Memory loss
      • Poor concentration
      • Disturbed sleep
      • Blurred vision
      • Tired looking eyes
      • Ears ringing 
      • Less taste when eating / drinking
      • Fatigue
    • In moderate to severe cases:
      • Loss of consciousness
      • Constant severe headache
      • Ongoing nausea
      • Repeated vomiting
      • Short-term memory loss
      • Slurred speech
      • Difficulty walking
      • Weakness in one side of the body
      • Sweating
      • Pale skin
      • Irritable behaviour
      • Blood / clear fluid draining from the ears or nose
      • Difference between pupils when exposed to light
      • Open head wound
  • Treatment
    • This differs depending on the severity of the incident. In ALL cases the person should go to hospital or see a doctor asap to have a throughout assessment and appropriate tests carried out. Too often people are not looked after properly or at all which can have fatal consequences. Even if they say they feel fine after it has happened get medical attention or tell someone else, symptoms sometimes do not come on until 48-72 hours later!

It is easy to come across over the top about this topic but it is an incredibly serious one. We have unfortunately experienced some of the worst head injuries sustainable in the past. Symptoms can sometimes last weeks to months or sometimes years! It is important to remember that the person must be medically discharged and should not return to normal activities until they are feeling back to 100% normal again otherwise recovery will only be delayed. Please be careful and look after your head as well as possible. This topic is getting more and more attention in the sports medicine world as of late and only for good reason…

Find out more about our previous blog collaborations here

Exercise of the week

Profiling | Movement screening | Hip Hinge | Progressions
  • Hand slide stiff leg deadlift
  • Stick stiff leg deadlift

Find out more about this here

Recipe of the week

Spring green frittata

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  • Preheat the oven & baking dish with a little olive oil.
  • Chop broccoli, slice spring onion then add defrosted peas to the mix, transfering to baking dish.
  • In a medium mixing bowl whisk together the beaten 4 beaten eggs, skimmed milk, light cheddar cheese, Italian herbs, ground black pepper & crushed garlic. Pour over the broccoli, onion & pea filling filling, making sure all the vegetables are evenly distributed in the egg mixture.
  • Top the filling with more cheese cheese smoked paprika & red chili powder.
  • Bake in the oven on a medium heat for 1 hour / until egg is set. Cool for 2 minutes, making sure serve warm. Accompany with a green salad of your choice as in picture.

Find out more about our nutrition plans here

Training song of the week

Blame It On My Youth – Blink 182

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